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Поволжская археология

Craniological features of the citizens of Kostroma in the XIII–XIV centuries

Komarov S.G., Vasilyev S.V.


page 145–154

UDC 572

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2013.3.5.145.154


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A craniological study of a group of the 13-14th century Kostroma city dwellers is presented in the article. The intra-group analysis has revealed that the series of skulls of the townspeople is characterized by considerable heterogeneity: there are different variations of the Caucasoid structure of the skull. The intergroup analysis involving materials related to the population of Eastern Europe in the first half of the 2nd millennium has demonstrated that various groups of the Krivichi from the territory of the former Yaroslavl, Smolensk, Tver and Kostroma provinces (gubernias) are most closely related to the 13-14th century Kostroma dwellers. The Krivichi from the Kostroma province (that is from the immediate rural districts of Kostroma) are the closest to the group under study.

Keywords

archaeologythe Upper Volga river regionmedieval RusKostroma citycraniologypaleoanthropologythe Slavsthe Krivichi

About the author(s)

Komarov Sergey G. Candidate of Historical Sciences. N. N. Miklukho-Maklai Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences. Lenin Ave., 32-A, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; snirrrr@mail.ru

Vasilyev Sergey V. Doctor of Historical Sciences. N. N. Miklukho-Maklai Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences. Lenin Ave., 32-A, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; vasbor1@yandex.ru