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Поволжская археология

Raw Materials Sources of Building Materials of Ukek Districts

Kubankin D.A., Zozyrev N.Yu. (Saratov, Russian Federation)


page 193–202

UDC 902.01

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2021.2.36.193.202


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Cataloguing of the Ukek architectural objects has produced the basis for conclusions on the market saturation with local construction material (sandstone) for building foundations. The amounts of building stone to be found within Ukek were insufficient to satisfy the needs of the construction segment of the medieval market. Numerous outcrops of Paleogene sandstones within the Lysogorskoye Plateau used to be developed as early as the beginning of the 20th century. A medieval settlement lying 11 km away from the town and pertaining to its vicinity happens to be close to the site of sandstone development in the Lysaya hill. Mineralogical-petrographic studies of the stone block covered with artistic carvings and found in Ukek indicate its similarity to the sandstones from the occurrences and deposits in the Lysaya hill. According to the results of mineralogical-petrographic analysis, the stone joint block and the grave plate from Ukek is reliably comparable with dolomites from the Tyoplovka deposits of construction stone (carbonate rocks) situated 73 km away from Ukek.

Keywords

archaeologygeologymineralogypetrographyGolden HordeUkeksettlements in the vicinityuseful mineralsconstruction material

About the author(s)

Kubankin Dmiriy A. Director. “Historical Park Russia – my history”. Shelkovichnaya Str., 17, Saratov, 410017, Russian Federation; Saratov State University. Astrakhanskaya St., 83, Saratov, 410012, Russian Federation; kubankin2008@yandex.ru

Zozyrev Nikolay Yu. Candidate of geological-mineralogical sciences, assistant professor. Saratov State University. Astrakhanskaya St., 83, Saratov, 410012, Russian Federation; zozyrev@mail.ru