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Поволжская археология

Evidences of Wooden Materials Utilization in Construction of Medieval Mongolian Towns in Eastern Trans-Baikal Region (13th – 14th CC.)

Kradin N.N., Baksheeva S.E., Bondarenko O.V. (Vladivostok, Russian Federation), Kovychev E.V. (Chita, Russian Federation), Kharinskiy A.V. (Irkutsk, Russian Federation)


page 65–78

UDC 930.26:50(571.54/.55)''12/13''

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2021.2.36.65.78


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Findings of structures remains discovered during excavations on Medieval Mongolian Sites in Eastern Trans-Baikal Region were summarized in the article. They were excavated during exploration of Alestui Mansion, at Khirkhira fortress, as well as at Konduy town site. The similar findings at Sutai Mansion in Buryatia, at Den-Terek fortress in Tuva, Karakorum, Shangdu, at Avraga fortress in Mongolia can be drawn on for comparison. In addition to traditional archaeological methods of the material investigation, an anatomical study of wood has been accomplished at Federal Scientific Center of the East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity FEBRAS (Vladivostok). The study results evidence that some of samples collected belongs to Pinaceae, and one of them is the wood of Larix gmelinii or Dahurian Larch, vegetated in this region. Despite of rarity and fragmentariness of this kind of sources on Medieval sites of Central Asia and Far East, it was found out that the wood of local origin was utilized by the Mongols for monumental objects construction. This research is only a part of work on construction materials investigation of Medieval Mongolian Archaeological Culture.

Keywords

archaeologyTrans-Baikal RegionMedieval Mongolian siteswooden structures13th – 14th cc.anatomical study of woodLarch

About the author(s)

Kradin Nikolay N. Doctor of of Historical Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Director. Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnology of the Peoples of the Far East, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FEBRAS). Pushkinskaya St., 89, Vladivostok, 690001, Russian Federation; kradin@mail.ru

Baksheeva Svetlana E. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnology of the Peoples of the Far East, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FEBRAS). Pushkinskaya St., 89, Vladivostok, 690001, Russian Federation; sarantceva@mail.ru

Bondarenko Olesya V. Сandidate of biological sciences. Federal Scientific Center for Biodiversity of Terrestrial Biota of East Asia, Russian Academy of Sciences (FEBRAS). 100th Anniversary of Vladivostok Ave, 159, Vladivostok, 690022, Russian Federation; laricioxylon@gmail.com

Kovychev Evgeny V. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Transbaikal State University. Chkalova St., 140, Chita, 672000, Russian Federation; kovychevevgenyi@mail.ru

Kharinsky Artur V. Doctor of Historical Sciences. Irkutsk National Research Technical University. Lermontov St., 83, Irkutsk, 664074, Russian Federation; kharinsky@mail.ru