ISSN 2306-4099

e-ISSN 2500-2856

SCOPUS WoS WoS Высшая Аттестационная Комиссия (ВАК)
Open Access SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Indexation

Elibrary.ru
Ulrichsweb
CyberLeninka Google Академия
CNKIsholar ResearchBib
DOAJ Road
WorldCat Erihplus
Base-search crossref
Index Copernicus CiteFactor
miar EBSCO

Follow us!

Contacts

Address: 30 Butlerov str., Kazan, 420012, Russian Federation

Теl.: +7 (843) 236-55-42.

E-mail: arch.pov@mail.ru

E-mail: kazan.archaeology@gmail.com

Поволжская археология

Glassware of Medieval Shamkir Town of Early Islamic Period

Dostiyev T.M. (Baku, Azerbaijan Republic)


page 18–31

UDC 902.911

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2021.2.36.18.31


Download
(688.71 Kb)
The author studies the collection of glassware of the 8th–10thcenturies, found in the medieval town of Shamkir, which is located in the western region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. On a functional basis, this collection is represented by tableware, perfumery and drugstore dishes. Drinking vessels prevail among tableware. Perfumery and pharmaceutical utensils are represented mainly by samples of bottles. In the manufacture of glassware, various manufacturing techniques were used, in particular, blowing into a mold and free blasting. The techniques of stretching, welding, polishing, grinding were also used. Glassware of Shamkir belongs to the chemical class Na–Ca–Si with a predominance of the type Na (K)–Ca(Mg)–Al–Si. Most of the glass vessels were decorated with relief geometric ornaments in the form of ovals, circles, and radiating figures, "vortical rosette", "honeycomb" ornaments. The rich raw material resources, professional traditions and innovations which existed here created favorable conditions for the development of glassware production. In the everyday life glassware for various purposes was widely used. Material evidences testify to a great shift in the glass production of Shamkir in the 8th–10th centuries and the production of glassware had a prominent role in the city's economy.

Keywords

archaeologyAzerbaijanShamkir hillfortglassearly Islamic periodtablewareperfumery and drugstore glassware

About the author(s)

Dostiev Tarikh M. Doctor of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. Pushkin St. 3, Zabrat, Baku, AZ 1104, Azerbaijan; dostiyev.tarikh@mail.ru