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Поволжская археология

Zooarchaeology and Ancient DNA, part 2: new substrates and perspectives

Ophélie Lebrasseur (Liverpool, UK), Aurélie Manin (Oxford, UK)


page 196–204

UDC 575.174 902/904

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2021.1.35.196.204


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The last decade has seen important technological and methodological advances in the field of palaeogenomics, constantly pushing back the time boundary and broadening our understanding of past human-animal interactions. As well as the development of sequencing technologies, a variety of organic material is being (re)evaluated as potential substrates for DNA analyses. The authors here review a selection of these, including collagenous (leather and parchment), keratinous (hair and feather) and calcified (shell and eggshell) material, and environmental DNA including coprolite. The authors focus on the biological structure of these materials in relation to DNA preservation, highlighting their singularity in comparison to bones and teeth, and inform on some of their direct applications. Finally, the authors consider some of the new perspectives these substrates can bring to our understanding of the past, notably surrounding manufacturing practices and health.

Keywords

Palaeogenomicszooarchaeologymetagenomicsmethodological advancesmanufacturing practiceshealth

About the author(s)

Ophélie Lebrasseur. PhD, Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology, University of Liverpool. 12–14 Abercromby Square. Liverpool, L69 7WZ. UK; GCRF One Health Regional Network for the Horn of Africa (HORN) Project, Liverpool Science Park IC2 Building, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool, L3 5RF. UK; ophelie.lebrasseur@liverpool.ac.uk

Aurélie Manin. PhD, Postdoctoral researcher, School of Archaeology, University of Oxford. 1 South Park Road. Oxford OX1 3TG. UK; aurelie.manin@arch.ox.ac.uk