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Поволжская археология

Archaeogenomics of Animal Domestication in Eurasia

Trifonov V.A. (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation), Shaymuratova D.N., Asylgaraeva G.Sh., Monakhov S.P. (Kazan, Russian Federation), Molodtseva A.S. (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation), Askeyev A.O., Askeyev I.V., Askeyev O.V. (Kazan, Russian Federation)


page 179–186

UDC 575.174

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2021.1.35.179.186


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The processes of domestication and subsequent distribution of animals in Eurasia are closely related to human migrations and intercultural exchanges starting from the end of the Pleistocene. The development of methods for the isolation and analysis of ancient DNA from archaeological and paleontological remains has made it possible to take a new look at both the presumed core regions of domestication and the geography and dynamics of livestock distribution. This paper discusses the reports on the reconstruction of the migration processes of domestic animals in Eurasia using the analysis of ancient DNA performed by leading specialists from Great Britain, France, Finland, Ireland, and Russia at the international symposium on Domestic Animal Archaeogenomics (Bolgar, Republic of Tatarstan, March 2020). In addition to discussing the demographic history of different species of domestic animals, special attention was given to the development of methods for working with ancient DNA and the peculiarities of sample storage and handling. Summarizing the results of the symposium, the authors identified priority areas for future research. The interdisciplinary nature of research and the need to create broad scientific network that includes specialists from different fields were emphasized.

Keywords

ancient DNAarchaeologyarchaeogenomicsdomesticationpopulation historydemographic dynamicshaplotypes

About the author(s)

Trifonov Vladimir A. Doctor of Biology Science, Institute of Molecular and Cellular biology SB RAS, Lavrentiev ave., 8/2, Novosibirsk, 63090, Russian Federation; vlad@mcb.nsc.ru

Shaymuratova Dilyara N. The Institute of Problems in Ecology and Mineral Wealth, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences, Daurskaya St., 28, Kazan, 420087, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; galimovad@gmail.com

Asylgaraeva Gulshat Sh. Candidate of Veterinary Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; gul_shat@mail.ru

Monakhov Sergey P. The Institute of Problems in Ecology and Mineral Wealth, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences, Daurskaya St., 28, Kazan, 420087, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; serega-28@inbox.ru

Molodtseva Anna S. Institute of Molecular and Cellular biology SB RAS, Lavrentiev ave., 8/2, Novosibirsk, 63090, Russian Federation; rada@mcb.nsc.ru

Askeyev Arthur O. Candidate of Biology Sciences. The Institute of Problems in Ecology and Mineral Wealth, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences, Daurskaya St., 28, Kazan, 420087, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; art.regulus@mail.ru

Askeyev Igor V. Candidate of Biology Sciences, Associate Professor, The Institute of Problems in Ecology and Mineral Wealth, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences, Daurskaya St., 28, Kazan, 420087, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; archaeozoologist@yandex.ru

Askeyev Oleg V. Candidate of Biology Sciences, Head of Laboratory. The Institute of Problems in Ecology and Mineral Wealth, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences, Daurskaya St., 28, Kazan, 420087, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; parus.cyanus@rambler.ru