Written sources and archaeological data indicate that the vast territory from the Great Wall of China in the east to the Carpathian Mountains in the west in the first millennium BC was inhabited by the Sak and Sauromat–Sarmatian tribes, who formed a "nomadic culture". Warlike nomads, skilled horsemen, accurate archers and courageous warriors are known in history as "nomadic horsemen tribes". The settlement of nomadic tribes from the steppes of Central Asia to Eastern Europe and Asia Minor in the first half of the first millennium went down in history as the first wave of the "Great Migration" of the peoples from the East to the West. Today this fact is confirmed by written sources and archaeological evidences. As the result of these resettlements, various cultural conflicts have occurred throughout the history of mankind, and nomadic tribes have become recognized by the ancient peoples of Eastern Europe and Asia Minor. The issue of resettlement is the subject of research of foreign and local scientists. However, as it is one of the most important topics that needs to be studied the authors decided conduct scientific research on this topic, study the reasons and ways of migration of the nomadic horsemen tribes to Eastern Europe and Asia Minor, systematize old and new data, conduct a scientific analysis based on the experience of foreign and local researchers. Moreover, scientific conclusions have been done as well as the periods and directions of the conquering campaigns of nomadic horsemen in Asia Minor have been studied.
archaeologyEastern EuropeAsia Minornomadic tribes of horsementhe Sakthe Sauromat–Sarmatsnomadicweapon
Информация об авторах
Sizdikov Bagdaulet S. Ph.D. Аssociate professor. International Hoca Ahmet Yesevi Turkish-Kazakh University. B. Sattarkhanov Ave., 29B, Turkestan, 161200, Republic of Kazakhstan; email@example.com
Apendiyev Timur A. Ph.D. Abai Kazakh National Pedagogical University. Dostyk ave. 13, Almaty, 050010, Kazakhstan; firstname.lastname@example.org
Batyrbekkyzy Gaukhar. PhD. South Kazakhstan State University named after M. Auezov. Tauke-khan Ave., 5, Shymkent, 160018, the Republic of Kazakhstan; email@example.com
Muldakhmetova Zhanar I. Candidate of Historical Sciences, South Kazakhstan State University named after M. Auezov. Tauke-khan Ave., 5, Shymkent, 160018, the Republic of Kazakhstan; firstname.lastname@example.org
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