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Яндекс.Метрика

Поволжская археология

Modern Analog Assemblages of Phytoliths Under Various Plant Communities of the Middle Volga and their Applicability for Archaeological Reconstructions

Blinnikov M.S., Hoffman B.R. (St. Cloud, USA), Salova Yu.A. (Kazan, Russian Federation)


стр. 217–234

УДК 903.4; 631.4; 58.02

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2021.4.38.217.234


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(865.32 Кб)
The article describes the results of investigations of the sub-recent assemblages of silica phytoliths in top soils of various modern plant communities of the Middle Volga region in Tatarstan, Samarskaya and Ulyanovskaya oblasts conducted in 2017–2020. Counts of various phytolith morphotypes from 40 samples suggest a relatively low level of vegetation community specificity as revealed by multivariate statistical analyses. Nevertheless, coniferous and mixed forests can be distinguished based on the presence of a suite of conifer phytoliths, while steppes can be identified based on high proportion of rondels. Deciduous forests of the region can be detected based on high proportion of straight elongates and acutous bulbosus (trichome) type. Some matchings are made to 10 archaeological samples from various strata and ages across the region. Such samples reveal high proportion of cultured grass phytoliths and are most similar to steppes or agricultural assemblages in the modern dataset.

Ключевые слова

archaeologyphytolith analysismodern soilscultural layersforestssteppeagricultureTatarstanSamaraUlyanovsk

Информация об авторах

Blinnikov Mikhail S. PhD, professor. St. Cloud State University. 720 4th Ave S, St Cloud, MN 56301, USA; Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University. Kremlyovskaya str., 18, Kazan, 420000, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; msblinnikov@stcloudstate.edu

Hoffman Bruk R. St. Cloud State University. 720 4th Ave S, St Cloud, MN 56301, USA; brhoffman@stcloudstate.edu

Salova Yulia A. Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University. Kremlyovskaya str., 18, Kazan, 420000, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; yadviga13@yandex.ru