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Поволжская археология

Guidelines and recommendations on submissions

Dear colleagues, your publications will be processed quicker if your submission meets the following requirements and accompanied with full set of required documents.

If you have any questions, before submitting your paper please contact our Technical Department at


Please, do not include in the text of manuscript, abstract an keywords must be included in the Declaration & Submission Form.

Abstract (how to write)

An abstract is a source of information on the main content and findings exposed in the publication; it makes reading the full text redundant, should the reader have no primary interest in it; it is used by information systems to search for documents and information.

An abstract shall be:

  • authentic, comprehensive (reflecting the main content and findings exposed in your paper), well structured;
  • concise (150 — 200 words or 800 — 1500 characters with spaces);
  • written in proper English.

Your abstract shall contain the following aspects of your work:

  • subject, topic and aim of your paper (these should be mentioned, unless fully exposed in the title of the paper);
  • research methods (you should define them if they are a novelty and are interesting in view of your paper);
  • findings (main results, your conclusions, genuine discoveries);
  • you may supply your conclusions with recommendations, assessments, proposals, hypotheses, as described in your paper).

You should avoid when writing your abstract:

  • any phrase that duplicates the title of your paper;
  • common wordings, redundant introductory phrases (for instance, the author of the article considers...), complex grammar constructions;
  • commonly known arguments;
  • information of historiographic nature, unless these make the main content of the paper, titles of earlier published papers.

Keywords (how to write)

Keywords shall disclose the following aspects of your submission: region, chronology, subjects, special terminology.

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Manuscript file formats

Contributions shall be accepted in *.doc and *.rtf formats.

Please, do not use Caps Lock in headlines and highlighted text.

Do not embed figures in the text

The word (characters) limits of submission depends on journal’s categories limits wich are available here.


  • All abbreviations should end in a full-stop (.), e.g., fig. (number).
  • You may use common abbreviations like etc., e.g. in your text. Should you use some abbreviations specifically for the purposes of this article or for a restricted number of topics, you should provide their full explanation. You should add this information to the list of abbreviations used in your article, which should as well be included in p.I.5 of the Declaration&Submission Form.
  • Measurements should be abbreviated, follow the number with a space and without a full-stop (e.g. 100 km, 56 m, 10 g).
  • Degrees should be written as 24 m2.
  • Radiocarbon dating shall be written as 14C


Footnotes are only added to the text of the paper in the form of references to grants and state assignments.


  • In decimal values (either in tables or in text), please use a comma as a separating character, without a space after it. A full-stop or a comma without a space after it are not admissible.
  • Numbers smaller than 9999 shall be written without a separating character (a space separating thousands), any number above 10 000 shall be written with a space. A full-stop or a comma used as a separating character is not admissible (e.g. 3583; 15 679; 2 700 000).
  • All values and measurements mentioned in your article shall be written in conformity with the International System of Units (SI). Exception is for quotations from historic texts containing measurements of length, volume and weight.

Chronology and Dating

  • Stratum plus accepts abbreviations BC and AD.
  • Dates shall be written this way: 01.02.2013, rather than 1 February 2013.
  • When you mention chronological intervals, sequences etc., please indicate the lowest and then the upmost date, i.e. 40 000-30 000 years ago instead of 30 000-40 000 years ago, or within 40 000-30 000 years ago, etc.
  • Centuries are spelled in Roman figures, while years — in Arabic figures.
  • Acronyms used for climatic stratigraphic scale (oxygen or marine) shall be used in their Latin spelling — OIS (oxygen isotope stages), MIS (marine isotope stages).

Radiocarbon dating (common requirements)

  • When you use a non-original dating, you must indicate the source (both in tables and in the text).
  • When you use it in the text of your article, you should clearly indicate whether you indicate the age in radiocarbon years or calibrated. The best is to use either standard radiocarbon or calibrated values in the same article. If you use both, then please specify every time which of the values you have used.
  • If you used the dating received through accelerator mass spectrometry, the method used shall be marked in the text (or table) as AMS14С.
  • You should specify the material tested to produce the age value. For instance, plant detritus, plant macrofossils, gyttja, peat, wood, bone collagen (if possible, indicate the common name of the species), charcoal, hearth fill, organic content of ceramics, carbon, etc.

Non-calibrated dating

  • If you used a non-calibrated radiocarbon age value, please put "14С years ago" (i.e. radiocarbon years ago, calculated in relation to 1950, which is equivalent to English BP) or "14years BC" after the dating code.
  • Radiocarbon dates shall be used in conformity with the following standard: [measured age value] ± [standard deviation] (lab code, sample number) [units of time].
  • Use of a special sign "±" is mandatory, no other signs shall be acceptable. Sign "±" shall be separated by a space on both sides, i.e. your text shall look like this: [age value] space "±" space [value of deviation]. For instance: …plant macrofossils from horizon 8 have given AMS 14 C 32 070 ± 210'BP* (Beta-309153)…

Calibrated dating

  • If you use calibrated values of radiocarbon age, you should write "cal BP" or "cal BC"; the name of the calibrating software (database) used shall be indicated in round brackets after the age value (INTCAL09, CalPal, and so on).
  • If you use calendar values of the radiocarbon age, you should indicate the probabilistic assessment (confidence interval) for the calibrated dating — 1 σ (68%) or 2 σ (95%).

    For instance:

    we obtained five AMS 14С datings for this section... the calendar age of the wood sample from layer 5 is defined with the probabilistic interval of 1 σ (68%) within 36 680—36 500 cal BP (Beta-309153, INTCAL09).


    we obtained five AMS 14С datings for this section... the calendar age of the wood sample from layer 5 is defined with the probabilistic interval of 2 σ (95%) within 36 810—36 380 cal BP (Beta-309153, INTCAL09).

  • Special studies dealing with radiocarbon dating of archaeological sites, methodological issues, building chronologies in calendar years, etc. shall specify the datings used in tables. They should specify the original datings in radiocarbon years, values fittnig the calibration curve, both probabilistic intervals (68% and 95%, respectively) and the name of the database used to produce the calibration, alongwith the calibrated values.

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  • We accept color pictures in RGB COLOR for the digital version of the journal. You may choose the quality of your images while scanning or otherwise preparing your illustrations.
  • Illustrations shall be saved in bit map (raster graphics) format *.tif (uncompressed). This format makes the file size larger and better in quality. Illustrations are accepted in vector format too (*.ai, *.eps, in exceptional cases in *.cdr), as well as on paper in contrast black and white version (photographs shall be high contrast).
  • Resolution shall be no less than 300 dpi (to the real image size); yet, if small details are expected to be seen, the resolution must be higher (no less than 300 dpi). While scanning or otherwise preparing your illustrations, please set the following image size in your file settings, with regard to the standard print field in Povolzhskaya Arkheologia:
  • 1 column — 6,4 х 9,05 cm;
    2 columns — 13 х 18,4 cm.

    Please remember that the same field shall also contain the caption. The image on your figure should not merge with the outline. Please leave at least 3—5 mm indents from the margins of the figure.

  • Graphs shall be drawn in MS Excel. Besides, please, supply your MS Excel graphs with the original tables..
  • If your drawing contains numbers or a text, please, don’t input them by hand, they must be inserted digitally; the only exception is made for the archive materials.
  • • If your drawing contains numbers or a text, please, don’t input them by hand, they must be inserted digitally; the only exception is made for the archive materials.
  • The list of illustrations and captions shall be submitted in the p.I.5 of the Declaration&Submission Form that shall be attached to your submission.
  • Forlargerfiles, please, useafreefileexchangerlike: (max. 2 Gb)

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Contributions can also be supported by tables.

  • Tables shall be drawn in MS Excel or MS Word:
  • Tables shall be numbered and titled.
  • If a table contains drawings, these shall be sent apart in a graphic format *.tif or *.jpg. Please, do not insert your illustrations in MS Word / Excel file.

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We insistently recommend the contributors of articles to use the following system of references in the text and list of references.
Contributions failing to follow this recommendation shall be sent back for improvements.
Please ensure that all references cited in the text are included in the bibliography.
Full references should be listed alphabetically at the end of the paper. For detailed guidance please see the example references below.
Please ensure that all references listed in the bibliography are cited in the text.

Type of references Text citation References format
Monograph (Andrews, 1999) Andrews, P. A. 1999. Felt Tents and Pavilions. London: Melisende.
Monograph in a series (Carstens, 2009) Carstens, A. M. 2009. Karia and the Hekatomnids. The creation of a dynasty. BAR International Series 1943. Oxford: Archaeopress.
(Khudiakov, 1935) Khudiakov, M. G. 1935. Essay on the History of Pre-Historic Society on the Territory of Mari Region (Introduction for the Mari People History). Reports of the State Academy for the History of Material Culture 141. Leningrad: State Academy for the History of Material Culture.
Collective monograph (The Phenomenon of Bosporan Kingdom…, 2011) The Phenomenon of Bosporan Kingdom: Population, Languages, Contacts. 2011. In Vahtina, M. Ju., et al. (eds.). Saint Petersburg: “Nestor-Istoriia” Publ.
Note*: Reference in the text to a collective paper shall contain only the fi rst author’s name. If there are just 2 authors, both names shall be indicated
A chapter in a collective monograph (Chernykh, Lebedeva, 2002) Chernykh, E. N., Lebedeva, E. Yu. 2002. Late Phase: Complex no. 1. In Chernykh, E. N., Lebedeva, E. Yu., Zhurbin, I. V., López- García, P., López-Sáez, J. A., Martínez-Navarrete, M. N. (eds.). Kargaly II. Gorny — the Late Bronze Age Settlement… Moscow: “Press” Publ., 217—260.
A chapter in a book of a multivolume edition (Hornblower, 1994) Hornblower, S. 1994. Persia. Cambridge Ancient History VI (2). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 45—96.
A chapter in a book written by another author (a foreword, an annex, etc.) (Portisch, 2009) Portisch, H. 2009. Vorwort. In Wagner W. J. (ed.). Der große illustrierte Atlas Österreich-Ungarn. Das Habsburger-Reich in Wort, Bild und Karte. Wien: Verlag Carl Ueberreuter, 5—6.
An article in a continued series (O’Kane, 2003) O’Kane, B. 2003. From Tents to Pavilions: Royal Mobility and Persian Palace Design. In Necipoglu G. (ed.). Ars Orientalis 23. Ann Arbour: Departament of History, University of Michigan, 239—248.
(Carstens, 2013) Carstens, A. M. 2013. Karian Identity — a Game of Opportunistic Politics or a Case of Creolisation. In: Henry O. (ed.). 4 th Century Karia. Defi ning a Karian Identity under the Hekatomnids. Varia anatolica XXVIII. Paris: de Boccard, 209—215.
(Bordes, 1961) Bordes, F. 1961. Mousterian cultures in France. Science 134, 803—810.
An article in a periodical (Hellström, 1991) Hellström, P. 1991. The Architectural Layout of Hecatomnid Labraunda. Revue archéologique (2), 297—308.
(Valiulina, Zilivinskaya, 2010) Valiulina, S. I., Zilivinskaya, E. D. 2010. Glass wares from the Samosdelka Fortifi ed Site. Scientifi c Bulletin of the Kazan University. Vol. 152. Book 3. Part 1, 63—76.
An article in an e-journal (Rady, 2009) Rady, M. 2009. The Gesta Hungarorum of Anonymus, the Anonymous Notary of King Bela: A Translation. Slavonic and East European Review 87 (4). Available at URL: http://www.
An article in a collection of papers (Durand-Guédy, 2013) Durand-Guédy, D. 2013. The Tents of the Saljuqs. In Durand- Guédy D. (ed.). Turko-Mongol Rulers, Cities and City Life. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 149—189.
An article by an anonymous author (Considering… 2008) Considering… 2008: Considering the Past. 2008. The Guardian 32.
In print (Belousova, Rybin, in print) Belousova, N. E., Rybin, E. P. (in print). New Stratigraphic Division of IUP-EUP Assemblages of the Kara-Bom Site (Russian Altai) according to the Results of Spatial Analysis and Refi tting Studies. In Viola, B., Zwyns, N., Flas, D. (eds.). Paleoanthropology and Late Pleistocene Population Dynamics of Northern Asia.
Manuscript under preparation (not yet in print) (Buscione, Dan, in prep.) Biscione, R., Dan, R. (in prep.). Urartian fortifi cations: A general view at their distribution and at their hierarchical levels.
Note*: Italics not applicable
Conference proceedings (Braund, 2013) Braund, D. 2013. Polyaenus, Bosporan Theatres and the Mysterious Aristonicus. Proceedings of the Sixth International Kuban Archaeological Conference. Krasnodar: “Ekoinvest” Publ., 491—494.
(Brodskaia, 1999) Brodskaia, N. V. 1999. Primitive art, rock carvings and painters of 20 th century. In Sher Ya. A. (ed.). International Conference for the Primitive Art, 3–8.08.1998. Proceedings I. Kemerovo: “Nikals” Publ., 23—35.
Unpublished conference presentation (Meatte, 2013) Meatte, D. A. 2013. Use-wear analysis of Beveled Bone Rods from the East Wenatchee site (45 D0432), Douglas County, Washington, USA. Poster presented at the Paleoamerican Odyssey conference. Session 2. Greater Beringia. Santa Fe, New Mexico, October 17—19, 2013.
Reference to an online publication with no DOI (Kozlov, 2016) Kozlov S. А. 2016. “The Scepter-bearers” of the Scythian Elite. Available at: Catalog/Archaeology/STM_DWL_gIXo_rkoWrVAKMcic.aspx (Accessed: 24.07.2016).
Note*: Date of enquiry shall be indicated
Reference to an online publication with DOI (Amirkhanov et al., 2014) Amirkhanov et al., 2014: Amirkhanov, H. A., Ozherel’ev, D. V., Gribchenko, Y. N., Sablin, M. V., Semenov, V. V., Trubikhin, V. 2014. Early Humans at the eastern gate of Europe: The discovery and investigation of Oldowan sites in northern Caucasus. Comptes Rendus Palevol 8, 717—725. Doi: 10.1016/j. crpv.2014.06.004.
Reference to a web-site without indicating the author (Bosporan-kingdom. com) Coin 372–4933–2. Available at:–4933/2.html (Accessed 01.04.2015).
Review (Mosionjnic, 2012) Mosionjnic, L. A. 2012. Review: Terra, mare et homines II. Studies in memory of Professor Tadeusz Łoposzko. Lublin: Wyd. Uniwersytetu Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej, 2010. Stratum plus (3) , 319—326.
Reference to a fi eld report (Khalikov, Arkhipov, 1958) Khalikov, A. Kh., Arkhipov, G. A. 1958. Report on the Fieldworks of the Mari Archaeological Expedition in 1958. Nosely III Settlement. Yoshkar-Ola. Scientifi c Hand-Written Fund of the Mari Scientifi c and Research Language, Literature, and History Institute. Inv. 1, dossier 86.
Dissertation abstract (Volkov, 1983) Volkov, I. V. 1983. Pottery of Azov in 14 th –18 th Centuries (Classifi cation and Dating) . PhD Thesis. Moscow.
Dissertation (Podosenova, 2009) Podosenova, Yu. A. 2009. Temple Ornaments of the Perm Cis- Urals Population in the Middle Ages. PhD Diss. Perm.
Exhibition catalogue (Alexander the Great…, 2007) Alexander the Great. Path to the East. Exhibition Catalogue. 2007. In Gurvits, I. F. (ed.). Saint Petersburg: State Hermitage Museum
Catalogue of collections (Monuments…, 2006) Monuments of Byzantine Ornamental Art from 4 th –7 th Centuries. Catalogue of the Collection. 2006. In Zalesskaya, V. N. (comp.). Saint Petersburg: State Hermitage Museum.
Reference (or part of it) in a language using non-European writing (e.g., Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, Armenian, Georgian, Indian, etc.) * (Yang Jianhua, 2004) 杨建华 (Yang Jianhua). 2004. 春秋战国时期中国北方文化 带的形成 ( Forms of the Northern Cultural Belt of China in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods). Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe (in Chinese).
(Yang Jianhua, 2004) Yang Jianhua. 2004. Chunqiu-Zhanguo shiqi Zhongguo beifang wenhuadaide xingcheng (Forms of the Northern Cultural Belt of China in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods) . Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe (in Chinese).
The same without indicating the author (Zhongguo kaoguxue, 2003) Zhongguo kaoguxue: Xia-Shang [Archaeology of China: Xia and Shang Epochs] . 2003. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe (in Chinese).
(Archaeology of China…, 1978) 中国考古学:夏—商 [ Archaeology of China: Xia and Shang Epochs]. 1978. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe (in Chinese).
Reference to a Classical author (ancient or medieval, with accepted numbering) (Strab. I, 3)
Note*: A specifi c edition shall be indicated only if it has some relevant features (e.g., it contains different versions of translation)
Editions of classical ancient literary sources in the original language (Liv. XXVI, 47, 2) Livius Titus. History: In 13 volumes with an English translation by B. O. Fister. London: Harvard Univ. Press, 1926–1943.
(Herod. Hist. IV, 2). Herodotus. 1893. Historia. Berlin: Typis et impensis G. Reimeri.
Reference to the Bible (Genesis 2:15)
Note*: No specifi c edition needs to be indicated
IReference to the Quran (Quran 4: 10 (9)
Note*: No specifi c edition needs to be indicated
Picture caption (Fig. 2)

(Fig. 4: 1, 5, 7—9)
Fig. 2. Plan, façade and a fragment of mihrab. Croquis. 1928. Author unknown (Shchusev State Museum of Architecture, 1928, Archive 1233/3: F. 31. Op. 32. C. 1. Sheet 3).
Fig. 4. Mosques in Asia Minor, Seljuk period (12th — 13th centuries): 1 – in Divrigi; 2 – in Beyshekhir; 3 – in Kayseri; 4 – in Afyonkarahisar; 5 – in Nigde; 6 – Sahib Ata in Konye; 7 – in Malatye; 8 – in Kharput; 9 – Hunat-Hatun Mosque-Madrasa in Kayseri (after Р. Хилленбранд).

* Should you bring citations in a language using different letters, except European ones (Latin, Cyrillic or Greek), the following shall be indicated:

    ● the original title (transliteration into Latin alphabet is mandatory, the source spelling is also acceptable);
    ● translation (the following elements must be identifi able: the author's name, title of the paper, title of the journal or the collection of papers, publisher, publishing institution, etc.);
    ● transliteration into Latin alphabet by rules adopted for a specifi c language (pinyin for Chinese, romaji for Japanese, etc.);
    ● if a journal or an article are already translated into English, please, provide this translation;
    language of the publication (in Chinese, in Korean, in Georgian, etc.);
    ● if you wish to keep the original writing of a title, please, submit the font you used for the respective language. However, you should check fi rst whether this specifi c font is licensed to be used in .pdf format (it is enough if you just try to save your manuscript in .pdf format). If not, your text must be retyped using a different font.

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