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Поволжская археология

Bast-choes as archaeological material: origin, classification, renovation (a case-study from the finds of Sviyazhsk and Kazan)

Abdullin H.M., Vizgalova M.Yu., Sitdikov A.G., Starkov A.S., Fedotova Yu.V., Hramchenkova R.H.


page 277–293

UDC 902.34:069.44

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2014.3.9.277.293


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The article is devoted to the study and restoration of footwear made of bast and birch bark in the 17th-19th centuries from the 2012-2013 archaeological excavations in Kazan and Sviyazhsk. Historical and archival research on the site combined with archaeological analysis allowed to clearly date each artifact. The study of archaeological footwear revealed the morphology of the items and their manufacturing technology. In order to preserve the unique finds, a system of restoration measures has been developed, which made it possible to restore the fiber structure. For conservation and restoration of the articles, a mixed methodology of processing archaeological finds made of textiles and wood has been applied. At the stage of items drying, a method that allowed retaining the form and color has been used. On the basis of analogies and the data of ethnography, it was determined that, according to the type of plaiting, the bast shoes found are characteristic of the local population, while a birch-bark unit refers to the northern (Novgorod) variety, whereas a bast shoe with interwoven leather straps finds an analogy in Moscow and Yaroslavl.

Keywords

the Middle Volga regionSviyazhskKazanthe Late Middle Agesthe new timearchaeological footwearbast shoesrestorationmorphology

About the author(s)

Abdullin Khalim M., Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A. Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; Xalimabd@mail.ru

Vizgalova Mariya Yu., Institute of Archaeology named after A. Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; mutqueen@mail.ru

Sitdikov Ayrat G., Doctor of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; Kazan (Volga region) Federal University. Kremlyovskaya St., 18, Kazan, 420008, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; sitdikov_a@mail.ru

Starkov Andrej S., Institute of Archaeology named after A. Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; 2647425@mail.ru

Fedotova Yulia V., Kazan (Volga region) Federal University. Kremlyovskaya St., 18, Kazan, 420008, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; yulia.fedotova86@yandex.ru

Khramchenkova Rezida Kh., Candidate of Physics and Mathematics. Institute of Archaeology named after A. Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; RezidaHram@mail.ru