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Поволжская археология

Chronology of early period of the ananiyno cultural and historic area

Kuz’minykh S.V., Chizhevskiy A.A.


page 101–137

UDC 930.24: 94 (3)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2014.3.9.101.137


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Problems related to the chronology of the early period in the Ananyino cultural and historical area development are discussed in the article. The chronology is based upon the objects imported from the Black Sea region, Northern Caucasus and Transcaucasia and their Ananyino replicas or imitations. Radiocarbon dates have also been taken into account. The period under consideration is divided into two stages (I-1 and I-2). They are characterized by differing technological facilities that had determined the appearance of a differing set of material culture objects. The first stage, the transition from the Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age, is dated within the 9th to mid-8th century BC. The second phase (mid-8th to first quarter/first half of the 7th century BC) is associated with the spread of Caucasian imports in the Volga-Kama area and mostly in the post-Maklasheevka culture sites. On the basis of these imports it is possible to claim that the Ananyino area was included into the international trade and exchange system of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Transcaucasia. Monuments of the early period of the Ananyino cultural and historical area are primarily synchronized with the pre-Scythian funeral monuments of the steppe zone of Eastern Europe and the Caucasus.

Keywords

the Volga River areathe Kama River areathe Early Iron Agethe Ananyino cultural and historical areachronologyperiodizationchronological indicatorstrade contacts

About the author(s)

Kuz’minykh Sergey V., Candidate of Historical Sciences. Correspondent Member of the German Archaeological Institute, Eurasian Department. Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dmitry Ulyanov St., 19, Moscow, 117036, Russian Federation; Kuzminykhsv@yandex.ru

Chizhevskiy Andrey A., Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; сhijevski@mail.ru