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Поволжская археология

Question mark shaped earrings from Danube Bulgaria(the XIII–XIV cc.): origin and area of spread

Vladimirov G.V.

page 223–232

UDC 223 УДК 903.25


(567.63 Kb)
A special type of jewelry, earrings shaped as question mark from Bulgaria, is considered. Their spreading area and possible sources of their emergence in the culture of 13–14th-century Danube Bulgaria are made clear. Two stylistic groups are distinguished: those with a simple stylized pattern and those with an intricate pattern. The second group, a more numerous one, finds an analogy in the territory of the Golden Horde. According to the author, it can be argued that the emergence and spread of this type of earrings in the Bulgarian environment is the result of the influence of a “supraethnic” culture of the steppe peoples. These peoples (mainly the Cumans) were in the orbit of the Golden Horde.


the Second Bulgarian Kingdomearrings shaped as question markoriginthe Cumansthe Golden Horde culture

About the author(s)

Vladimirov Georgi V., Doctor of History, Master of Cultural Studies. Chief Expert, Ministry of Culture of Republic of Bulgaria. “Al. Stamboliiski” Bd., 17, Sofia, 1301, Bulgaria;