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Поволжская археология

Western border of Bolgar ulus of Golden Horde (according to materials of the settlements on the left bank of Sura river)

Gribov N.N., Akhmetgalin F.A.


page 79–95

UDC 94 "04/14"

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2013.4.6.79.95


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The article is devoted to the research of medieval settlements Kurmysh-4 and Murzitsyy-1, located on the left bank of the Sura river in Nizhny Novgorod oblast. The sites were discovered and surveyed in 2007–2009. These are large unfortified settlements, founded in the border area between the Russian lands and the Bulgar Ulus in the 14th century. According to written sources, the Lower Sura river area belonged to the Nizhny Novgorod princes at the time. The sites reveal a number of urban features, such as a large area, multiethnic population, traces of varied craft and trade activities. The data obtained during the preliminary investigation of these sites make it possible to add new features regarding the specificity of populating the Western borderlands of the Bulgar Ulus in the Golden Horde period.

Keywords

archaeologythe Middle Volga regionleft bank of the Sura riverthe Middle Agesthe Russian principalitiesthe Golden Hordethe Bulgar Ulusborderlandssettlementsethnic compositioncultural diversity

About the author(s)

Gribov Nikolay N. Candidate of Historical Sciences. N. I. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod. Gagarin Ave., 23, BLDG 2, 2nd floor, Nižnij Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation; nnhora@yandex.ru

Akhmetgalin Farid A. Institute of History named after Sh. Marjani of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Kremlin, 5 entrance, Kazan, 420014, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; ach_farid@mail.ru