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Поволжская археология

Bioarchaeology and Paleoclimate Aspects of the Study of the Upper Don Region Population of the Middle Bronze Age

Vasilyev S.V., Borutskaya S.B. (Moscow, Russian Federation), Zheludkov A.S. (Lipetsk, Russian Federation), Puzanova T.A. (Moscow, Russian Federation), Chendev Yu.G. (Belgorod, Russian Federation), Burova N.D., Lokhova O.V. (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation)

page 158–170

UDC 902/903 572


(611.99 Kb)
The paper presents the reconstruction of the lifestyle, environment, and climate conditions of the inhabitants of the forest-steppe zone of the East European Plain in the Middle Bronze Age. Presented study is based on the results of archaeological work on the territory of the archaeological heritage site «Volkhonskiye Vyselki 1, kurgan» carried out in 2021 by the expedition of the Lipetsk regional scientific public organization «Archaeological Research». The mound belongs to the Middle Don Catacomb culture and contains 9 graves. It was demonstrated that the climate at the time of the creation of the mound were more arid than at modern times by soil-archaeological method. Levels of mobile P forms in soils suggest that the site was used for feasts, both before the creation of the mound and after. The gender and age, osteometric and pathological characteristics of the skeletons of 15 buried are given. Because of the results of isotope analyzes it has been assumed that the diet of the deceased was based on plant food.


archeologyosteologypaleopathologypaleoclimatologyisotopesEast European PlainUpper Don regionVolkhonskie vyselki 1kurganMiddle Don Catacomb cultureMiddle Bronze Age

About the author(s)

Vasilyev Sergey V. Doctor of Historical Sciences. N. N. Miklukho-Maklai Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences. Leninsky prospect, 32А, Moscow, 119334, Russian Federation;

Borutskaya Svetlana B. Candidate of Biological Sciences, Senior Researcher, Associate Professor. M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University. Leninskiye Gory, 1, build.12, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation;

Puzanova Tatyana A. Candidate of Geographical Sciences, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University Department of Geography Chair of Landscape Geo/chemistry and Soil Geography. Leninskiye Gory, 1, Moscow, 119234, Russian Federation;

Zheludkov Andrey S. Lipetsk Regional Scientific Public Organization «Archaeological Research». Kommunalnaya square, 9, Lipetsk, Russian Federation;

Chendev Yury G. Doctor of Geography, Associate Professor, Professor, Belgorod State National Research University, Institute of Earth Sciences. Pobedy str., 85, Belgorod, 308015, Russian Federation;

Burova Natalya D. Institute for the History of Material Culture. Dvortsovaya embankment, 18A, 191186, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation;

Lokhova Olga V. Institute for the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences. Dvortsovaya embankment, 18A, 191186, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation;