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Поволжская археология

Early Sarmatian knight

Yablonsky L.T.


page 104–125

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2013.2.4.104.125


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During the study of the Early Sarmatian burials in the burial mounds near Filippovka village (Ilek district, Orenburg oblast), a large quantity of weapons and accessories were found, which make it possible to reconstruct the military costume. All the armament items from the burial can be divided into two major groups: offensive and defensive. The former includes bows and arrows, slingshots, spears, stilettos and war hammers (“bec de corbin” type); the latter is represented by a helmet and two varieties of scaly armor, made of iron and bone or horn. The accessories of the military costume found include sword-belt buckles with zoomorphic images, as well as a torque and a bracelet, which apparently served as insignia. The reconstructed image of an elite Early Sarmatian warrior is somewhat similar to the appearance of a Western European knight, but the Sarmatian knight was about 2000 years older.

Keywords

archaeologythe Southern Cis-Urals regionthe Early Sarmatian cultureburial moundoffensive and defensive armamentmilitary elite

About the author(s)

Yablonsky Leonid T. Doctor of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dmitry Ulyanov St., 19, Moscow, 117036, Russian Federation; leonid.yablonsky@mtu-net.ru