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Поволжская археология

Some problems of early neolithic of forest belts of the Middle Volga

Nikitin V.V.

page 11–17


(579.9 Kb)
The cultural identity of the Early Neolithic assemblages of flat-bottomed stroke-ornamented pottery, discovered in the territory of the Mari Volga region is contested. A number of problems concerning the process of the Middle Volga region Neolithization are identified, namely: 1) whether the differences in the use of raw materials (silt and clay) and temper types for ceramic fabric can serve as cultural and chronological features; 2) the problem of fixing the lower chronological limit of the process of Neolithization; 3) the role of the social factor in the process of Neolithization; 4) the problem of the culture determining features identification; 5) the role of primary sources and the problem of their fully fledged use; 6) the problem of identifying the original Early Neolithic culture in the region. Based on a comprehensive analysis of the material culture of the flat-bottomed stroke-ornamented pottery people who had inhabited the Mari Depression, it is possible to identify the Dubovskoye-Otary culture that is similar with the Samara and the Upper Volga ones and genetically related to the forest-steppe Yelshanka formation.


archaeologythe Middle Volga river regionthe Early Neolithicthe Samara culture; the Upper Volga culturethe Yelshanka culturethe Dubovskoye-Otary cultureflat-bottomed ceramicsstroked and incised ornamentation

About the author(s)

Nikitin Valeriy V. Doctor of Historical Sciences. Mari El Language, Literature and History Research Institute named after V.M. Vasilyev. Krasnoarmeyskaya St., 44, Yoshkar-Ola, 424036, Mari El Republic, Russian Federation;