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Поволжская археология

Archaeozoological Complex of the Makaryevskoye Hillfort

Asylgaraeva G.Sh., Orudzhov E.I., Starkov A.S. (Kazan, Russian Federation)


page 178–189

UDC 902.2

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2022.1.39.178.189


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The paper features the results of a study of archaeozoological materials from the excavations of 2018 at the Makaryevskoye hillfort located in the Verkhneuslonsky District of the Republic of Tatarstan. The completed species, age and breed studies have revealed the composition of domestic and wild game fauna, and the role of individual animal species in the life and nutrition of the local population. Their comparison with similar information obtained at the excavations of other sites of the Ananyino and Imenkovo periods has allowed to identify similarities and differences in the herd composition of the population of the Volga and Kama region hillforts. Wild game fauna is represented by bone remains of elk, bear, boar, fox, beaver and hare. According to the herd composition of domestic animals and the content of bone fragments of the hunting and fishing fauna, the Makaryevskoye hillfort is a typical monument of the Early Iron Age and the Early Middle Ages.

Keywords

archaeologyarchaeozoologyhillfortAnanyino Cultural and Historical AreaEarly Middle Ages.

About the author(s)

Asylgaraeva Gulshat Sh. Candidate of Veterinary Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; gul_shat@mail.ru

Orudzhov Eduard I. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; orudzhov. eduard@mail.ru

Starkov Andrey S. Deputy Director, Volga Region Archaeology LLC. Nekrasov Str., 28, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; 2647425@mail.ru