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Поволжская археология

Late Bronze Age Metal Items from Tatarsky-Azibey III Site in the Mouth of the Belaya River

Lyganov A.V. (Kazan, Russian Federation), Morozov V.V., Smirnov A.L. (Moscow, Russian Federation), Khramchenkova R.Kh. (Kazan, Russian Federation)


page 104–117

UDC 902/903;902.63;903.01/.09;543.42.062

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2022.1.39.104.117


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The paper discusses the metal items found in the territory of the Tatarsky-Azibey III site in 2020. The complex of metal items collected from the surface includes: five knives, a socketed axe with a frontal eye, a plaque, and an ornamented cutting tool. A bronze string was discovered within structure 1, excavation I. Based on the identified counterparts and chemical composition, these items belong to the late stage of the Lugovskaya culture and the Atabaevo stage of the Maklasheevka culture (16th/15th –13th centuries BC). A cutter (knife) for working with leather was crafted in a relatively earlier time period. Probably, this tool was initially the handle of a Seima-Turbino type of dagger, which was broken in antiquity. Thus, the time of creation of this item, similarly to the dagger handle, dates back to the Seimino chronological horizon of the late 3rd – first quarter of 2nd Millennia BC. The metal items discovered in the territory of the Tatarsky-Azibey III site are not related to the settlement hoard category; they appeared in the cultural layer as a result of unintentional actions of the carriers of Late Bronze Age cultures.

Keywords

archaeologyKama RiverKulegash lake and swamp areaAzibey duneLate Bronze AgeSeima-Turbino transcultural phenomenonLugovskaya cultureAtabayevo stage of the Maklasheevka culturemetal itemsemission spectral analysis.

About the author(s)

Lyganov Anton V. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; liganov.anton@yandex.ru

Morozov Victor V. Candidate of Historical Sciences. LLC "Archaeology of the East European Plain". Prospect Mira, 89–174, Moscow, 129085, Russian Federation; vikromolot@mail.ru

Smirnov Alexey L. Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dmitriya Ulyanova St., 19, Moscow, 117292, Russian Federation; ari1828@bk.ru

Khramchenkova Rezida Kh. Candidate of Phisics-Mathematics Sciences. Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University. Kremlyovskaya St., 18, Kazan, 420000, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; RezidaHram@mail.ru