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Поволжская археология

Material Culture of the Horizon of the 10th Century at the Hillfort near Spitsino Village

Kolokolov A.M., Prostyakov I.S. (Tula, Russian Federation)

page 50–67

UDC 902.2


(2.1 Mb)
The article presents the results of research in 2019-2020 of the 10th century settlement on a multi-layered hillfort near the village of Spitsino (4th -5th, 10th centuries). The monument is located at a considerable distance from the main river routes in the region, which excludes its relationship with the Upper Oka section of the Don trade route in the 9th -10th centuries. A significant part of the finds discovered during exploration 2019, are of Northern European origin and date back to the mid. - 2nd half 10th century. There are also a few finds related to steppe antiquities. According to the materials of the excavations, the buildings of two construction periods are identified. The ceramic complex of buildings of the early construction period is represented by fragments of stucco vessels of the Romaine type and redeposited fragments of vessels of the 4th - 5th century. Fragments of early vessels made on a potter's wheel dating from the second half of the 10th century are found in the ceramic complex of the late construction period. Thus, the monument can be attributed to the period of the middle - second half of the 10th century. This period until recently represented a chronological lacuna in the period of Slavic colonization of the region.


archаeologyTula RegionOka-Don watershedRomain cultureSlavic colonization10th century.

About the author(s)

Kolokolov Alexander M. Kulikovo Pole State Museum and Reserve, Lenin Ave., 47, Tula, 300041, Russian Federation;

Prostyakov Ivan S. Kulikovo Pole State Museum and Reserve, Lenin Ave., 47, Tula, 300041, Russian Federation;