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Поволжская археология

Building Ceramics of the Ancient Settlement of Akchakhan-Kala

Toreniyazov A. Zh. (Nukus, Uzbekistan)


page 22–34

UDC 902.01, 903.02

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2021.4.38.22.34


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The Akshakhan-kala is located on the right bank of the Amu Darya, in the Biruni district of the Republic of Karakalpakstan. Over the years of archaeological study of the site, a large ceramic material was collected, dating back to the 3rd cent. BCE - 5th cent. AC. In the archaeological collection of the site, a group of finds is distinguished, attributed to the category of building ceramics. The article is devoted to the analysis of this collection and an attempt to determine the field of application of certain types of building ceramics. Among the building ceramics of the Akshakhan settlement stand out spillway pipes and ceramic tiles. The use of fragments of ceramic vessels in the construction was also recorded. The obtained analysis results suggest that in ancient Khwarezm, ceramic building materials were used to solve such problems as protecting structures from atmospheric precipitation, improving settlements and increasing the strength of adobe structures.

Keywords

archaeologyAncient KhwarezmAkchakhan-kalaceramicstileskubursdrainage systemwall repair

About the author(s)

Toreniyazov Azizkhan Zh. Karakalpak Research Institute of Humanititarian Sciences of the Karakalpak branch of Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Amir Temur Ave., 179а, Nukus, 230100, Republic of Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan; azizkhan.86@mail.ru