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Поволжская археология

On the Question of Leather Production in the Golden Horde: results of archaeological and archaeozoological research in the Madzhar Settlement in 2017

Bocharov S.G. (Kazan, Russian Federation), Yavorskaya L.V. (Moscow, Kazan, Russian Federation)


page 184–199

UDC 904 «04/14»

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2019.4.30.184.199


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Institute of Archaeology named after A. Kh. Khalikov Tatarstan Academy of Sciences since 2015 has been realazing systematic archaeological research on the Golden Horde settlement of Madzhar. In the excavation site XIII in 2017 an unusual complex of structures was investigated – a brick pavement and a deep narrow trench dating synchronously from the 1310-s to the 1340-s. In the same part of the excavation, archaeological research has revealed a specific filling of cultural laers with animal bones – a powerful accumulation of cattle and small ruminant remains, with a special anatomical set consisting of heads and metapodia. Such remnants are formed only as a result of slaughter of animals for handling of skins. A comparison of the archaeological context with the results of archaeozoological research suggests that the identified structures are the remnants of the workshop complex for the primary processing of cattle hides as part of the technological cycle of leather production. This finding demonstrates that animal skins, the main suppliers of which were nomad steppe, were accumulated and processed in towns where these products became the most important export commodity of the Golden Horde State.

Keywords

archaeologyarchaeozoological analysisGolden Hordesettlement of Madzhara complex of manufacturing structuresspecies composition of bone residuesanatomical spektrumcraft production from animal raw materialshandling of skinsleather export

About the author(s)

Bocharov Sergei G. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; Associate Professor, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University. Kremlyovskaya St., 18, Kazan, 420000, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; sgbotcharov@mail.ru

Yavorskaya Liliya V. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Associate Professor. Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dmitriya Ulyanova St., 19, Moscow, 117036, Russian Federation; Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; lilechkayavorska@list.ru