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Поволжская археология

New Materials for Study the Culture of the Ancient Farmers in the Lower Reaches of the Syr Darya

Utubaev Zh.R. (Almaty, Kazakhstan), Bolelov S.B. (Moscow, Russian Federation)


page 159–169

UDC 903/904 «65»(574)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2019.3.29.159.169


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The authors publish the results of the excavations of the suburban sanctuary, which is located at the nearest country of the hillfort Babish-Mulla, approximately five hundred meters to the south from the defensive wall of the shahristan. The monument is completely excavated. In the center of the yard, which is vast and almost square in plan, enclosed by a defensive wall, there is a small rectangular room with a square altar in the center made of raw bricks. By the characters of the cultural layer, more precisely, by the absence of the layer, as well as by the characteristic planning scheme, there are all reasons to suppose that this object is associated with the cult. The authors can only guess about nature of this cult. According to the accompanying material, the monument can be dated within the 3rd–2nd centuries BC. This dating is based on the fragments of ceramics presented in the complex, which were undoubtedly the parts of Hellenistic vessels. These vessels could not appear on the territory of the Lower Syr Darya before the beginning of the 3rd century BC.

Keywords

archaeologysoutheast AralChiric-rabat cultureEast HellenismBabish-mullasettlementfortified housesanctuarytemple of firealtarceramics

About the author(s)

Utubayev Zhanbolat R. A. Kh. Margulan Institute of Archaeology, Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Dostyk Ave., 44, Shevchenko St., 28, Almaty, 050010, Republic of Kazakhstan; utubaev_z@mail.ru

Bolelov Sergey B. Candidate of Historical Sciences. State Museum of Oriental Art. Nikitskiy Boulevard, 12a, Moscow, 119019, Russian Federation; bsb1958@yandex.ru