ISSN 2306-4099

e-ISSN 2500-2856

SCOPUS Высшая Аттестационная Комиссия (ВАК)
Open Access SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Indexation

Elibrary.ru
Ulrichsweb
CyberLeninka Google Академия
CNKIsholar ResearchBib
DOAJ Road
WorldCat Erihplus
Base-search crossref
Index Copernicus CiteFactor
miar EBSCO

Follow us!

Contacts

Address: 30 Butlerov str., Kazan, 420012, Russian Federation

Теl.: +7 (843) 236-55-42.

E-mail: arch.pov@mail.ru

E-mail: kazan.archaeology@gmail.com

Поволжская археология

Fortifications and Paleo-Landscape of the Troitskii Urai I Hillfort

Chizhevsky A.A. (Kazan, Russian Federation), Ponomarenko E.V. (Ottawa, Canada), Vyazov L.A., Khisyametdinova A.A. (Kazan, Russian Federation), Blinnikov M.S. (St Cloud, USA)


page 128–146

UDC 902.01, 903.43, 902.672, 631.48

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2019.3.29.128.146


Download
(1.82 Mb)
The paper features the results of a comprehensive study of the fortifications of the Troitskii-Urai I hillfort. An analysis of a rampart section using the archaeological, geomorphological, palynological and soil science methods has made it possible to draw the following conclusions. The hillfort was built at the site of a community of the Bronze Age – the beginning of the Early Iron Age (12th – 9th centuries B.C.), and the rampart is connected to a saddle, which became an additional element of fortification. Two stages of the rampart’s construction were identified, which was completed by the population of the Post-Maklasheevka culture of Ananyino cultural and historical area. The early rampart is dated the 8th – 5th centuries B.C., and the late rampart was constructed in late 5th – 3rd/2nd centuries B.C. No information on the participation of representatives of the Imenkovo and Bolgar pre-Mongol cultures in the construction of the rampart has been revealed in this section. Throughout the entire period of the hillfort’s existence in the Early Iron Age, its inhabitants were engaged in agriculture, and the predominant consumed food items at its initial and late stages were fish and meat, respectively. The Troitskii-Urai II hillfort was built to the west of the Troitskii-Urai I hillfort in the Imenkovo period (4th –6th centuries).The second one significantly differs in terms of rampart morphology.

Keywords

archaeologygeomorphologysoil scienceEarly Iron AgehillfortAnanyino cultural and historical areaImenkovo culture

About the author(s)

Chizhevsky Andrei A. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; сhijevski@mail.ru

Ponomarenko Elena V. Candidate of Biological Sciences. Adjunct Professor, Geography Faculty, Ottawa University. Simard Hall, 60 University, Ottawa ON Canada K1N 6N5; ecosystemarchaeology@gmail.com

Vyazov Leonid A. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University. Kremlyovskaya str., 18, Kazan, 420000, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; l.a.vyazov@gmail.com

Khisiametdinova Asia A. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; asiatat@yandex.ru

Blinnikov Mikhail S. PhD, professor. St. Cloud State University, 720 4th Ave S, St Cloud, MN 56301, USA; msblinnikov@stcloudstate.edu