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Поволжская археология

The 50th Anniversary of Bolgar State Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve

Baranov V.S. (Kazan, Russian Federation)


page 189–201

UDC 502.8; 902/904

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2019.2.28.189.201


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The paper presents a brief history of the establishment and operation of Bolgar State Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve, which actually started with the visit of the settlement and examination of its 10th –14th century monuments by the Russian Emperor Peter the Great in 1721. Systematic archaeological excavations have been conducted at the fortified settlement since 1938. Large-scale investigations were carried out in 2010–2017 under a project “Cultural Heritage of Tatarstan: Ancient Town of Bolgar and the Island Town of Sviyazhsk” initiated by the first President of the Republic of Tatarstan Mintimer Sharipovich Shaimiev. In 2014, Bolgar fortified settlement was included in the UNESCO List of Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites. The Reserve occupies an area of 424 ha and accommodates 26 sites of historical and cultural heritage, including 8 monuments of federal significance.

Keywords

medieval archaeologyprotection of monumentsrestoration and museum affairstourism infrastructure

About the author(s)

Baranov Vyacheslav S. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A. Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov Str., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; sl.baranov@mail.ru