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Поволжская археология

On the Paleodemography of Pyany Bor Culture

Kufterin V.V. (Moscow, Russian Federation), Vorobyova S.L. (Ufa, Russian Federation)


page 164–179

UDC 572.08; 903'1; 314

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/2019.1.27.164.179


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The paper outlines data for the reconstruction of paleodemographic structure of the Pyany Bor culture. Totally three samples (Novo-Sasykul, Oshki cemeteries and Nyrgynda stage burials of Tarasovo burial ground), including skeletal remains of 465 individuals, are discussed. The conclusion is that the Pyany Bor samples are characterized by a low number of subadult skeletons and elderly individuals, as well as the numerical predominance of females. The first circumstance does not allow to adequately assess the level and structure of child mortality. The highest mortality rate among the Pyany Bor population is at the age of 15–19 and 20–29 years, which may be related to the period of active reproduction in females and the period of high social activity in males. Pyany Bor cemeteries, apparently, were left by generic groups, consisting of large families, characterized by a low reproductive potential. Such parameters as the weak representativeness of subadults and a low percentage of elderly individuals determine the specifics of the Pyany Bor samples against the background of comparative materials on the Early Iron Age. The Pyany Bor groups are generally characterized by a moderately unfavorable demographic situation, which is confirmed by an underestimation, against a background of “epochal” tendencies, of some demographic parameters.

Keywords

archaeologyphysical anthropologypaleodemographyEarly Iron AgePyany Bor culture

About the author(s)

Kufterin Vladimir V. Candidate of Biological Sciences. Miklukho-Maklay Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences. Leninski pr., 32a, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; the M. Akmullah Bashkir State Pedagogical University. October revolution str. 3a, Ufa, 450008, Russian Federation; vladimirkufterin@mail.ru

Vorobyeva Svetlana L. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Bashkortostan National Museum, Sovetskaya str. 14, Ufa, 45008, Russian Federation; the M. Akmullah Bashkir State Pedagogical University. October revolution str. 3a, Ufa, 450008, Russian Federation; sveta_legion@mail.ru