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Поволжская археология

Origins of the Physical Appearance of the Sintashta Circle of Cultures People of the Bronze Age: theoretical and practical aspects

Khokhlov A.A. (Samara, Russian Federation), Kitov E.P. (Moscow, Russian Federation)


page 59–71

UDC 572.08;903.5; 903'1

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/2019.1.27.59.71


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The authors examine the anthropological materials of the Sintashta and related cultures of the finale of the middle – the beginning of the late Bronze Age. Theoretical aspects of the problem of morphogenesis in these populations are presented in connection with archeological and genetic studies. The practical part is devoted to the analysis of new craniological sources from the burials of the Sintashta-Abashevo chronological horizon of the forest-steppe Urals. The materials of the collective burial near the village of Malojuldashevo and the burial ground Krasikovo I of the Orenburg region have being published for the first time. The authors determine the place of these populations among the synchronous forms of the Urals and the Volga region. Anthropological heterogeneity of the population has been shown and the prospect of joint archeological-anthropological and genetic studies for the reconstruction of processes of culturogenesis and morphogenesis is considered.

Keywords

archaeologyanthropologyBronze AgeSintashta cultureAbashevo culturehistorical reconstructioncraniology

About the author(s)

Khokhlov Alexander A. Doctor of Historical Sciences. Рrofessor. Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education. Maxim Gorky St., 65/67, Samara, 443099, Russian Federation; khokhlov_aa@mail.ru

Kitov Egor P. Candidate of Historical Sciences. N. N. Miklukho-Maklai Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences. Lenin Ave., 32-A, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; kadet_eg@mail.ru