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Поволжская археология

The Population of Kostroma in XVI–XVIII Centuries (anthropological research)

Vasilyev S.V. (Moscow, Russian Federation), Novikov A.V. (Kostroma, Russian Federation), Borutskaya S.B. (Moscow, Russian Federation)


page 163–174

UDC 902/904 572.08

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/2018.4.26.163.174


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This paper presents the results of human remains study from the necropolis on Tekstilschiki street (Kostroma city, Russia), dated back to XVI–XVIII centuries. The authors provide data on the craniology, postcranial skeleton, describe the pathologies on the teeth and bones. The study was conducted according to standard protocols of Russian anthropology. Studied sample comprises human remains of 77 individuals, including 41 belonged to women. This ratio can be explained by the fact that there was a nunnery necropolis on this territory in the late Middle Ages. Presented study revealed a number of features of the male part of the sample, associated with mesocrania and sharp horizontal facial profile. A comparative analysis of craniological data showed the proximity of the studied population to the medieval population of the Old Ryazan city (Russia). The female part of the sample differs from the male one in its tendency to brachicrania. A morphological analysis of the postcranial skeleton revealed the relative shortening of the shin and forearm of women. The reconstructed height for men turned out to be above average, for women, on the contrary, it is below average. Most often pathologies of the studied population are dentition pathologies and bruises of the bones of the limbs, which most likely had a civilian character.

Keywords

paleoanthropologycraniologyosteologypaleopathologylate Middle AgesKostroma

About the author(s)

Vasilyev Sergey V. Doctor of Historical Sciences. N. N. Miklukho-Maklai Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences. Lenin Ave., 32-A, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; vasbor1@yandex.ru

Novikov Alexander V. Candidate of Historical Sciences. “Kostromskaia Arkheologicheskaia Ekspeditsia” Ltd. Marshal Novikov Str., 10, Kostroma, 156013, Russian Federation; kae44@mail.ru

Boroutskaya Svetlana B. Candidate of Biological Sciences. Lomonosov Moscow State University. Lomonosov Prospect 27, korp. 4, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; borsbor@yandex.ru