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Поволжская археология

Materials of the Eneolithic from the Isakovo hillfort on the Sviyaga River

Lyganov A.V., Khamzin R.N., Galimova M.Sh. (Kazan, Russian Federation)


page 242–257

UDC 902.01 903.01 903.02

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/2018.3.25.242.257


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The paper features the results of excavations conducted in 2017 at Isakovo hillfort located in the mouth of the Sviyaga river (right tributary of the Volga) in the buffer zone of the Island Fort of Sviyazhsk. It presents an analysis of the various ceramic complexes and stone implements discovered at the excavations. The authors determined that the initial colonization of the cape on which the settlement is located occurred in the middle of the third quarter of the 3rd Millennium B.C. when it was inhabited by representatives of the Middle Volga variation of the Volosovo cultural and historical community of Late Eneolithic. Then, in the Late Bronze Age the territory was inhabited by representatives of an early (Atabaevo) stage of the Maklasheevka culture (14th –12th centuries B.C.). The construction of settlement fortifications (rampart and moat) on the cape is related to the colonization of the site by the population of the Akozino culture from the Ananyino cultural and historical area (9th –4th/3rd centuries B.C., and when the latter perished, the settlement was abandoned.

Keywords

archaeologySviyaga RiverhillfortFinal Eneolithicthe Volosovo ciltural and historical communityMaklasheevka cultureAtabaevo stageAnanyino cultural and historical areaAkozino culture

About the author(s)

Lyganov Anton V. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A. Kh. Khalikov, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; ligaant@rambler.ru

Khamzin Radion N. Institute of Archaeology named after A. Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov Str., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; khrn80@yandex.ru

Galimova Madina Sh. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; mgalimova@yandex.ru