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Поволжская археология

Assamblages of the Early Iron Age from the Collection of Archaeological Museum of Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University

Chizhevsky A.A. (Kazan, Russian Federation), Antipina E.E. (Moscow, Russian Federation), Asylgaraeva G.Sh., Nuretdinova A.R. (Kazan, Russian Federation)


page 68–87

UDC 599: 902, 903.01, 903.2

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/2018.3.25.68.87


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The article presents the results of a study of three collections from the funds of the Archaeological Museum of Kazan (Volga) Federal University. The formation of collections is associated with the activity of the Society of Archeology, History and Ethnography and the Society of Naturalists under Kazan University. The collections in question were obtained in late 19th – early 20th centuries as a result of excavations at Pizhma, Svinogorie and Ufa (Chertovo) hillforts. Most of these collections correspond to Ananyino cultural and historical area. In addition, Ufimskoye (Chertovo) hillfort contained items associated with the archaeological cultures of a later period: Kara-Abyz and Bakhmutino cultures. The primary feature of the collections is a significant number of bone and horn articles. The study these items using traditional methods, archaeozoological and trace analysis techniques allowed to obtain new information expanding the perception of the ancient bone crafting technology and the chronology of the monuments in question.

Keywords

archaeologythe Volga-Kama regionEarly Iron AgeEarly Middle AgesAnanyino cultural and historical areaKara-Abyz cultureBakhmutino culturearchaeozoologytrace analysis

About the author(s)

Chizhevsky Anrdei A. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; сhijevski@mail.ru

Antipina Ekaterina E. Candidate of Biological Sciences, Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dmitriya Ulyanova St., 19, Moscow, 117036, Russian Federation; bikanty@mail.ru

Asylgaraeva Gulshat Sh. Candidate of Veterinary Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; gul_shat@mail.ru

Nuretdinova Alsu R. Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University. Kremlyovskaya St., 18, Kazan, 420000, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; alsu.nuretdinova@rambler.ru