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Поволжская археология

Burials with Beads from Anatkasy Burial Ground

Nikitina T.B., Kutuzova D.O. (Yoshkar-Ola, Russian Federation), Vorobeva E.E. (Kazan, Russian Federation)


page 199–219

UDC 903.5 +902

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2018.1.23.199.219


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The paper features the materials of burials with beads from the Anatkasy burial ground corresponding to the medieval Mari culture. The site is located on the B. Tsivil river, right tributary of the Volga river. A total of 33 burials, 2 sacrificial complexes and 2 pits with traces of ritual activities were revealed during excavations. The total number of discovered beads is 340 items, which were located in following six burials with beads: No. 2, 3, 5, 22, 24, 31. The article contains a classification of beads on the basis of Yu.L. Shchapova's work “Ancient glass. Morphology, technology, chemical composition” (Shchapova, 1989). On the basis of numerous counterparts, the authors conducted dating of the bead material representing an important chronological indicator of the site. This is the first introduction of the material from these burial complexes with beads into scientific discourse.

Keywords

archaeologyVolga regionMari cultureMiddle Agesbeadschronologyclassificationtypesfuneral rite

About the author(s)

Nikitina Tatyana B. Doctor of Historical Sciences. Mari Research Institute of Language, Literature and History named after V. M. Vasilyev. Krasnoarmeyskaya St., 44, Yoshkar-Ola, 424036, Mari El Republic, Russian Federation. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; tshikaeva@yandex.ru

Kutuzova Daria O. Mari Research Institute of Language, Literature and History named after V. M. Vasilyev. Krasnoarmeyskaya St., 44, Yoshkar-Ola, 424036, Mari El Republic, Russian Federation; homjak2012@mail.ru

Vorobeva Elena E. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Docent. Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University. Kremlyovskaya St., 18, Kazan, 420000, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation. Docent. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; veer47@mail.ru