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Поволжская археология

Methodological Aspects of Studying Fortifications of Hillforts in the Volga-Kama Region of the Early Iron – Early Middle Age

Khisiametdinova A.A., Chizhevsky A.A. (Kazan, Russian Federation)


page 107–136

UDC 902.3, 902.62, 903.43

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2018.1.23.107.136


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The paper considers the methodological aspects of comprehensive archaeological and geological-geomorphological studies of fortifications dating back to the Early Iron Age – Early Middle Ages. The authors determined that settlements with the remains of earthworks and dwellings located on headland platforms in the condition they have retained until the present day are natural-anthropogenic complexes with three components: archaeological, geomorphological and geological, and should be studied using methods of the corresponding sciences. The history of the development of headland settlements is subdivided into the following three periods: pre-settlement, settlement and post-settlement (relic). The settlement period is in turn subdivided into three stages: the early stage associated with the carriers of the Ananyino cultural and historical area of the Early Iron Age (circa 9th – 3rd centuries B.C.); the middle period related to the construction activities of the population of the Piany Bor, Azelino and Mazunino cultures (2nd century B.C. – 4th century A.D.); and the late stage associated with the Imenkovo culture and the coexisting cultures of the Early Middle Ages (4th – 7th cc.). An analysis of information obtained as a result of studying the fortifications of promontory forts allows to conclude that the distinguished stages represent the historical stages of the development of fortifications across the Volga-Kama region.

Keywords

archaeologygeomorphologygeologyVolga-Kama regionEarly Iron Ageearly Middle Ageshillfortsfortificationscomprehensive research methods

About the author(s)

Khisiametdinova Asia A. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; asiatat@yandex.ru

Chizhevsky Anrdei A. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; сhijevski@mail.ru