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Поволжская археология

Hide-Scrapers from Arukhlo I Settlement in Georgia (on correspondence of the shape and function of prehistoric implements)

Esakiya K.M. (Tbilisi, Georgia), Skakun N.N., Terekhina V.V. (Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation)


page 89–96

UDC 902/904

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2017.3.21.89.96


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The article analyses one of the primary categories of the implement complex discovered at Arukhlo I Neolithic settlement (Georgia, Kvemo Kartli Region). The stone implements discovered at the site are characterized by their great variety. Comprehensive functional research conducted by the authors demonstrated that the typological and morphological characteristics of the various categories of stone implements do not always correspond to their functions. Thus, the shapes and functions of the hide-scrapers were fully identical for 18 of 39 implements only, whereas the other tools were used for different purposes and did not feature traces of utilization. A microanalysis of their working parts allowed to determine the types of processed raw material, means of processing, and in certain cases the type of obtained articles as well. The authors made a conclusion on the importance of the comprehensive research of production inventory for the reconstruction of the characteristic features of prehistoric economy.

Keywords

archaeologyGeorgiaArukhloNeolithicobsidian implementsexperimental and traceological analysis

About the author(s)

Esakia Ketevan M. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Georgian National Museum. Rustaveli Ave, 3, Tbilisi, 0105, Georgia; k.esakia@gmail.com

Skakun Natalia N. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dvortsovaya Emb., 18, Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation; skakunnatalia@yandex.ru

Terehina Vera V. Institute for the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Dvortsovaya Emb., 18, Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation; terehinavera@mail.ru