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Поволжская археология

Archaeological Studies of Fortifi cations in Bashkir Cis-Urals Region

Obydennova G.T., Ovsyannikov V.V., Bubnel E.V., Protsenko A.S., Babin I.M. (Ufa, Russian Federation)


page 278–295

UDC 902/904

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2016.4.18.278.295


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The article addresses archaeological studies of the 16th – 18th centuries fortifications in Bashkortostan. A few of them were studied by archaeologists, including the Ufa Kremlin and the Birsk fortress on the right bank of the Belaya River, Tabynsk town on the left bank of the Voskresenka River (the right tributary of the Belaya), and Eldyatskaya fortress on the right bank of the Ufa River. The above sites provide diverse material dated within the 17th – 19th centuries. Traces of fortifications are registered only on two sites - the Ufa fortress and Tabynsk town. The authors highlight the key historical data on both of them as well as the history of studies on these sites. It also briefly describes archaeological materials and defines their current state. It further emphasizes the need to elaborate an archaeological approach to studying the 16th – 17th centuries fortifications and to learn from the successful experience of colleagues from the Republic of Tatarstan.

Keywords

the New Age archaeologySouth cis-UralsBashkortostanfortificationsUfa KremlinBirsk fortressEldyatskaya fortressTabynsk townceramic tilesarchaic and wheel pottery.

About the author(s)

Obydennova Gulnara T. Doctor of Historical Sciences, professor. M. Akmullah Bashkir State Pedagogical University. Oktyabrskoy Revolutsii St., 3а, Ufa, 450000, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation; gto1104@mail.ru

Ovsyannikov Vladimir V. Candidate of Historical Sciences. Institute for History, Language and Literature, Ufa Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences. Oktyabrya Av., 71, Ufa, 450054, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation; atliural@yandex.ru

Bubnel Eugene V. The National museum of Republik Bashkortostan. Sovetskaya St., 14, Ufa, 450008, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation; kvestar986@gmail.com

Procenko Anton S. M. Akmullah Bashkir State Pedagogical University. Oktyabrskoy Revolutsii St., 3а, Ufa, 450000, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation; anton.procenko@mail.ru

Babin Ivan M. M. Akmullah Bashkir State Pedagogical University. Oktyabrskoy Revolutsii St., 3а, Ufa, 450000, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation; hett@mail.ru