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Поволжская археология

Gold Temporal Rings with a Small Duck from the Perm Cis-Urals

A.M. Belavin (Perm, Russian Federation)

page 260–269

UDC 902/904


(682.35 Kb)
The author examines a typical Bulgarian precious adornment – gold temple rings with a fi ligree duck fi gurine. He considers their area, manufacturing technology, issues of origin, dating and semantics. Such pendants are thought to be an ethno-social marker of the Volga Bulgaria nobility. Findings of such rings outside Bulgaria, including imported items, are known only in the Perm Cis-Urals, which is thought to be their local manufacturing center. This suggests that representatives of the Bulgarian nobility lived there and possibly married the elite of the Cis-Uralic Finno-Ugrians, who were in the process of their feudalization.


archaeologysocietyartVolga BulgariaPerm Cis-Uralsadornmentstemporal ringssmall duck figurinefeudal nobilityethnic and social connections

About the author(s)

Belavin Andrey M. Doctor of Historical Sciences. Perm State Humanitarian Pedagogical University (PSHPU). Sibirskaya Str., 24, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation;