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Поволжская археология

Some Findings of the Study of Pre-Mongolian Strata of Bolgar Fortifi ed Settlement on Digs CLXXII and CLXXVI in 2012

Baranov V.S. , Gubaidullin A.M. (Kazan, Russian Federation)


page 193–218

UDC 902/904

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2016.2.16.193.218


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This article summarizes some preliminary fi ndings of studies in pre-Mongolian layers of Bolgar fortifi ed settlement in 2012, conducted on digs CLXXII and CLXXVI. Situated to the west of the central architectural complex, the edge of the native Volga terrace (dig CLXXII) yielded debris of a defensive moat, which can be identifi ed as the so-called "Zamoshniy wall" described by some Russian military men in 1732 as remnants of pre-Mongolian fortifi cations. The works in the central part (dig CLXXVI) investigated debris of pre-Mongolian dwellings and household facilities, some of which are related to the period of early Bolgar, i.e. the 10th – 11th centuries. The archaeologists documented some traces of metallurgical production here and obtained a collection of ceramics, adornments and household items, which allows dating the material culture of this city to the 10th – 11th centuries and 12th – early 13th centuries.

Keywords

archaeologyBolgar fortified settlementpre-Mongolian periodstratigraphyfortificationdwellingsmetallurgycomplex of goods

About the author(s)

Baranov Vyacheslav S. Candidate of Historical Sciences, Institute of Archaeology named after A. Kh. Halikov, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Butlerov Str., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; sl.baranov@mail.ru

Gubaidullin Airat M. Candidate of Historical Sciences, Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; airg_g@mail.ru