ISSN 2306-4099

e-ISSN 2500-2856

SCOPUS Высшая Аттестационная Комиссия (ВАК)
Open Access SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Indexation

Elibrary.ru
Ulrichsweb
CyberLeninka Google Академия
CNKIsholar ResearchBib
DOAJ Road
WorldCat Erihplus
Base-search crossref
Index Copernicus CiteFactor
miar EBSCO

Follow us!

Contacts

Address: 30 Butlerov str., Kazan, 420012, Russian Federation

Теl.: +7 (843) 236-55-42.

E-mail: arch.pov@mail.ru

E-mail: kazan.archaeology@gmail.com

Поволжская археология

On Fortification of “The Great City” of Bilyar

Gubaidullin A.M., Khuzin F.Sh., Shakirov Z.G. (Kazan, Russian Federation)


page 223–234

UDC 623.11

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2016.1.15.223.234


Download
(631.54 Kb)
The article offers results of the archaeological study of fortifi cations on the Bilyar fortifi ed settlement – the capital of the Volga Bulgaria in pre-Mongol time. Its defensive structures represent complex systems of walls, ditches and wooden fortifi cations set in several lines. Two main lines of defense were studied: the external and the internal cities. The external belt of defense of the settlement consists of three parallel rows of walls and ditches and was erected in three construction periods. The internal line of defense consists of two rows of walls and ditches, and the study revealed traces of four stages of construction there. All stages of defense works in Bilyar chronologically fi t within the fi rst half of 10th – early 13th centuries.

Keywords

archaeologyVolga BulgariaBilyar fortifi ed settlementfortifi cationswallditchpalisade

About the author(s)

Gubaidullin Airat M. Candidate of Historical Sciences, Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; airg_g@mail.ru

Khuzin Fayaz Sh. TAS Corresponding Member. Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; khuzinfayaz@mail.ru

Shakirov Zufar G. Candidate of Historical Sciences, Institute of Archaeology named after A.Kh. Khalikov, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan. Butlerov St., 30, Kazan, 420012, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; Assistant Professor. Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University. Kremlyovskaya St., 18, Kazan, 420000, the Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation; zufar_alchi@mail.ru