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Поволжская археология

The Steksovo II burial ground

Mart’yanov V.N., Egoshin A.L.


page 82–96

UDC 902

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24852/pa2014.4.10.82.96


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The article is dedicated to the results of many-years’ (1990–2010) excavations on the ancient Mordovian Steksovo II burial ground site. The burial ground had functioned in the 3rd to 13th centuries AD. The investigations revealed hundreds of burials, which enabled the researchers to judge upon the wealth of material items found and the variety of burial rites of the population that had formed the burial ground. The 1st millennium AD is characterized by bi-ritualism, while inhumation is characteristic of the 11–13th-century period; horses’ burials were also discovered. The data of the burial ground make it possible to modify the concept of the stages in ancient Mordovians ethnogenesis. It is generally attributed to the Erzya Mordvins, but in early burials the combination of the Erzya and Moksha ancientries is traced. Complexes of the items of crucial importance for the chronology of the burial are discussed in the article with a representation of statistical data characterizing funeral rites and traditions.

Keywords

archaeologythe Oka River basinthe Middle Agesthe ancient Mordoviansburial groundfuneral inventoryburial riteethnogenesischronology

About the author(s)

Martianov Vladimir N. Candidate of Historical Sciences, Professor. Arzamas branch of the Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N.I. Lobachevsky. Karl Marx St., 36, Arzamas, 607220, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russian Federation; martyanov34@yandex.ru

Egoshin Alexei L. Arzamas branch of the Nizhny Novgorod State University named after N.I. Lobachevsky. Karl Marx St., 36, Arzamas, 607220, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russian Federation; mefodius_77@mail.ru